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The Obama regime has introduced new changes in recent past in regards to United States’ relations with Cuba. These changes include loosening of restrictions in as far as trade and travel are concerned. The removal of the many restrictions that were present prior to 2014 will help improve the diplomatic relationship between the two countries. Furthermore, the opening up of trade between the countries will be mutually beneficial for both countries in regards to their economies. This paper sets out to analyze the relationship that exists between the United States and Cuba before and after 2014. It examines the controversy that has been in debate since President Obama’s announcement in 2014 and rule out a conclusion based on the facts for and against the decision in relation to the new legislation set to overrule the restrictions that have long been in existence between the two nations.

According to the Washington Post, the relationship between the two countries is cemented by the presence of foreign embassies of both countries in their designated capital cities. In this case, the American embassy in Cuba is resident in Havana while the Cuban embassy in America is present in Washington DC. In the tourism section, Cuba is rated among the top Caribbean countries that have the highest number of visiting tourist. Since January 16th 2015, the new rules allow for American credit cards to be in use by tourists visiting Cuba. This is very convenient for the American tourists visiting the Caribbean country. It fosters the feeling of warm acceptance and also generates more income for Cuba as tourists are motivated to spend more as well as visit frequently. It encourages tourist travels into the country.

The New York Times on the other hand, paints quite a pessimistic picture on the relationship between America and Cuba. Given the Cuban history on terrorism and terrorist attacks, the paper indicates that it might be hard for any American bank to conduct any business with Cuba. It is unfortunate that Cuba has been listed by America as one of the countries that sponsor terrorism. According to the paper, this contentious issue might be one of the things that might come in the way of restoring peaceful relations between Cuba and America. Despite the many rounds of talks between the two countries concerning the restoration of peaceful relations, there is yet to be seen clear and un-disputed conclusions and the outcome might not friendly.

The struggle between parties to the peace making process is in consideration to Cuba’s position in the terrorism list. With many republicans in an all out rejection for the removal of Cuba from the terrorism list the relations between the two countries remain inconclusive as to their standing position. The Cuban diplomats on a quest to ensure the removal of their country’s name from the list and the rest of the American leaders in support of this, the convention is taking quite a while to come to conclusion. The Cuban leadership do not see the need for Cuba to open up an embassy in Washington DC while their country remains top on the terror list. Thus President Obama is on a mission to ensure that Cuba’s name is struck out from the list of countries supporting terrorism. This has not been an easy task; with the issue of American citizens and their welfare on the line, some view such risks are not worth taking. However, some state officials do not regard the issue of opening diplomatic relations with Cuba to relate in any way with the issue of Cuba’s presence in the terror list.

In January 1959, General Fidel Castro led a military coup in the intention of overthrowing the Cuban government. He was successful in this endeavor which led the then president of the republic, F. Batista to flee for his life. The United States allowed Batista into the country as he was now in exile. This was the first step among many by the United States that eventually resulted in the disconnection of Unites States and Cuban relations. Since then the relationship between the two countries started declining in a steady rate. America was concerned that Fidel Castro was too much of a communist to their liking. More so, the state feared that this upcoming dictator would fall in line to join forces in alliance with the Soviet Union. After the failure of the Eisenhower to overthrow Castro’s rule, the dictator went on strong by a continual nationalization of foreign investments in Cuba. The final push came into force in 1961 when America cut all ties with Cuba.

The relationship that has existed between the two countries has been characterized with hostility, distrust, and tension. The countries have often applied the use of spies on each other’s country and there has been a general adversity between them. Many of Cuban refugees have often looked for means of getting into the United States in the hope of a better life there. However since the reconsideration for reopening of diplomatic relations between the two countries, things are looking up for the future relations.

 

References

Miller, Nicola. “Christopher Hull. British Diplomacy and US Hegemony in Cuba, 1898–1964.” The American Historical Review 119, no. 3 (2014): 861-862.

Nye Jr, Joseph S., Gideon Rachman, Walter Russell Mead, John Mearsheimer, Stephen Walt, Peter D. Feaver, Christopher Gelpi et al. The domestic sources of American foreign policy: insights and evidence. Edited by James M. McCormick. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2012.

Rabe, Stephen G. “Beyond the Eagle’s Shadow: New Histories of Latin America’s Cold War.” Hispanic American Historical Review 95, no. 1 (2015): 172-173.

Sheinin, David. “The Second Century: US-Latin American Relations Since 1889. MARK T. GILDERHUS: Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 2000.”Estudios Interdisciplinarios de América Latina y el Caribe 12, no. 2 (2014).

Williams, Mark Eric. Understanding US-Latin American relations: theory and history. Routledge, 2012.

 

 

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