World War II: The Most Important Event in the History of the World
The world has seen different dynamics over different time horizon, with major events occurring over a period ranging from 16th century to the current century (Dutta & Dutta, 2014). There is a significant difference between the way the world is today and the manner in which it was in different time lines. Great events, deeds and men have had their time in history and with their impact the basis of the today’s world foundation. Difference of opinion arises when the question, “what is the most important event in the history of the world?” is posed.
There are many great events that range from the Indus-valley Civilization to 2008 global financial crisis. However, the most important event in the history of the world to see the light of day was the World War II. The effects of this war have largely contributed to the manner in which the current global community is shaped. History has continued to occur as humanity continues to establish the essence of life as well as the efforts to steer life forward. Therefore, there have been significant events that occurred before and after the World War II, but the World War II captures the eyes of many. This paper will establish the importance of World War II to the world. Discussion will start with the history of the war, the factors that lead to the event, and its impact to the world setting.
Discussion and Analysis
The opinion of the world’s greatest event may differ in the eyes of many historians. I rank the World War II as the most significant event in the world’s history. Dutta (2014), in her work top 10 events that wrote the world history, using the words of Abe Lincoln, states that, “History remembers the battle, but forgets the blood. Whatever history remembers me, if it remembers anything at all, it shall only remember a fraction of the truth.” Although this statement might be seen as a figurative language, it has a direct relationship with the World War II event.
The Second World War shock the entire world, as it resulted to the greatest amount of bloodshed and fury among nations (Barrett, 2010). The war event was characterized by many acts that threatened the existence of human kind. Among the grave feature that characterized the war was the advent of nuclear power, which left its marks even in the generations that came after the war. The event saw the kingdoms fall; other rose, and catastrophic events saw the light of day.
To pose the question of the origin of World War II would stem up an endless debate on the part of historians. Some part that the war was a prolongation of the First World War that had just finished in 1918, but theoretically (Dutta & Dutta, 2014). Some may also point the offing of the war to the seizure of Manchuria by Japan, from the Chinese republic. The stream of other alleged events leading to the World War Two are several. These are invasion of Italy and defeat of Ethiopia in the year 1935 and re-militarization of Rhineland in Germany by Hitler in 1936 (Barrett, 2010). In addition, there was the Civil war of the Spanish and the Germany’s seizure of Czechoslovakia in the year 1938 (Barrett, 2010). However, the most two significant dates marking the start of a grand war were the Bridge incident at Marco Polo in 1937 and the invasion of Germany to Poland in 1939 (Barrett, 2010).
Prior to these incidents, the Navy branch of the United States had developed a plan for preparing a naval war with the Japanese. This was done in 1890 in the plan dubbed War Orange. This plan was developed over years with the advancement of technology. During the years 1930s onwards, some nations such as Italy, Japan, and Germany had a quest for expansion (Dutta & Dutta, 2014). In addition, Germany had an extra motive of removing the stringent terms enforced on it at the termination of the first war of the world.
Previously, Germany under the rule of Adolf Hitler had conquered Czechoslovakia and Austria, but no military response from France and Britain was provoked (Dutta & Dutta, 2014). When they invaded Poland, the situation changed with the two countries responding against Germany appropriate. With effective communication and tactical army responses, Germany was able to defeat Poland within a short duration.
In 1940, Germany perplexed the globe by hurriedly invading and overpowering Netherlands (Dutta & Dutta, 2014). It defeated Luxembourg, Netherlands, Belgium France and British forces that were aiding the French. Germany controlled the occupied areas in the north together with the northwest parts that compromised about three-quarters of the country (Dutta & Dutta, 2014). On the other hand, British opposed Italian and German troops that invaded the North of Africa. The Atlantic Battle ensued and was primarily between British land crafts and the German submarines (Dutta & Dutta, 2014). Britain was supplied by the necessary weaponry by the United States in 1941, which was at the time neutral towards the war (Dutta & Dutta, 2014). After joining the war, the United States’ air and sea forces actively participated in the Atlantic naval war.
The Japanese On a retaliatory action, the American troops captured Okinawa Island in Japan after 82 days of a bloody battle (Dutta & Dutta, 2014). The planners prepared a hitting attack on the Japanese home ground in 1945. This attack was perpetrated in August of the year 1945, when B-29 belonging to America dropped an atomic Bomb in Hiroshima. To this effect, Japanese had to formally surrender, which they did in the 15th of August in 1945 (Dutta & Dutta, 2014).
Factors That Led to World War Two
There are several causes of the war some long term and others short term. The first cause was the implementation of Versailles Treaty, geared towards forcing Germany to pay for the damages of the first war of the world (Dutta & Dutta, 2014). The second cause of the war is the Hitler’s move of invading other nations such as Poland. His actions agitated the reaction of other governments such as France and Great Britain.
The third cause of the war was disappointment of appeasement by the Germanys (Dangerous liaisons: collaboration and World War Two 2004). After Germany had failed to do according to the agreements of the treaty, other nations were highly agitated. They were thus triggered to action through war. The fourth cause is the failure of the League of Nations in keeping the world peace (Dangerous liaisons: collaboration and World War Two 2004). When the peace accord could no longer hold peace, chaos was bound to happen. This accord could not prevent the war from occurring since it was already ailing. This situation was so because not all the nations approved the League rendering it powerless.
Impact of the World War Two
There are a number of effects that were brought about by the war during and on its aftermath. The first impact was that the nations of non-European origin were stimulated to struggle for their independence (Dangerous liaisons: collaboration and World War Two 2004). The weakening of some colonial power such as France and England provided the best opportunity. The second impact is the technological development that was made during and after the war. Radars were innovated, and computers and electronics were also developed. This situation assisted the European and the American scientists in developing Atomic Bombs. The bomb was later used in the war against the Japanese marking the end of the war period.
The third impact of the war is the threatening effect it had on the peace treaties. This situation greatly threatened the aspect of human civilization (Dangerous liaisons: collaboration and World War Two 2004). As a result, efforts were made to establish more powerful organizations to oversee the world’s peace. The United Nations Organization was established in 1945 and over 51 countries signed into the provisions of the organization. The fourth impact was the increase of influence of women (Graf, 2007). At this time, many men had to engage in combat, and they thus left their occupations. The situation made it necessary for women to fill the vacant positions left by men so as to sustain the economy of their respective countries (Graf, 2007). Similarly, some women were admitted in the army to aid men in some activities such as the interpretation of aerial photography.
In conclusion, the World War II was a very significant event of the world which cannot go unnoticed. It causes such as the implementation of the Versailles Treaty, invasion of the Germany on some countries such as Poland, and the disappointment of appeasement accord by the Germans. Its impacts such as stimulating of Non-European countries to fifth for the independence, threatening of peace accords and establishment of organizations such as the United Nations make the event memorable. All these aspects make this event the most important in the world.
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Copp, T. (2004). Book Review: A Well-Known Excellence: British Artillery and an Artilleryman in World War Two. War In History, 11(2), 241-242. doi:10.1177/096834450401100214
Dangerous liaisons: collaboration and World War Two. (2004). Choice Reviews Online, 42(04), 42-2435-42-2435. doi:10.5860/choice.42-2435
Dutta, P., & Dutta, P. (2014). Top 10 Events that Wrote the History of the World – List Crux. List Crux. Retrieved 12 December 2014, from http://listcrux.com/top-10-events-that-wrote-the-history-of-the-world/
Graf, M. (2007). On Two Fronts: American Nurses Who Served in the Spanish-American War and the First World War. Minerva Journal of Women and War, 1(2), 47-62. doi:10.3172/min.1.2.47