Olson and Beal’s definition of “cultural pluralism” is “Pluralism, not complete assimilation, is American reality.” Furthermore, “Promoting equality and diversity, cultural pluralists tolerated [emphasis added] ethnic differences more than assimilationists.” (p.4) In other words, “cultural pluralism” is the general acceptance or tolerance of ethnic differences by Americans.
(our textbook name is: Olson and Beal you can use this name and page numbers to cite)
Examining the period from 1890 to the present and the specific historical experiences of the following 3 groups:
1. “New” European immigrants [only Jews] ;
2. Native Americans;
3. Asian Americans [mainly Japanese Americans];
has “cultural pluralism” (the tolerance or acceptance of cultural differences) been a reality for racial and ethnic groups in the U.S. since 1890 to the present, and why or why not?
In your answer, depending on the groups you select, you need to address (but are not limited to) the impact of immigration restrictions from 1907 to 1952 and immigration policies with the Hart-Celler Immigration Act of 1965; specific court rulings on citizenship; the ideas of Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. DuBois, Marcus Garvey, Malcolm X, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Stokely Carmichael; wars (World War I, World War II, Vietnam, Balkan Wars, Persian Gulf and Iraq); the civil rights movement and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965; ethnic nationalism and politics of identity (e.g., Black Power, Chicano Movement, Asian American Movement,
Native American Movement); the end of affirmative action; the Los Angeles riots; and
cultural maintenance, including institutions, cultural practices, religion, language, etc., the election/reelection of Barak Obama, and the election and policies of the current administration. [This means you are expected to look at the Final Lecture.]