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Fresh and clean water is an essential component of the well-being of almost all the living things on the planet. Without fresh water, businesses cannot run smoothly, no growth can be experienced in economies, people cannot prepare safe meals, and the environment can never flourish (Prud’homme and Alex 53). The quantity and to a large extent the quality of this treasurable resource will by a large extent determine those who will prosper in the future generations and amazingly who will survive. The total percentage of water in the planet is very high at nearly 70% of the planet being covered with water. The frightening fact is that the only percentage of it which is fresh is 2.5% the rest being ocean-based and saline (Fernandez and Manny). Further into the puzzle, only 1% of the fresh water is readily accessible to humans with the rest being trapped in snowfields and glaciers. Statistically, only 0.007% of the total water on the planet is available to cater for the nearly 7 billion people in the world (Fernandez and Manny). The fresh water on the planet can be said to have remained fairly constant over the course of time. The fresh water has been recycled continuously to the atmosphere and back to our drinking glasses. Despite the water level being constant, the population has ballooned over time causing a crisis. As a result, competition for clean supply of cooking, bathing and drinking water has intensified (Prud’homme and Alex 22).

In the United States, the consumption of fresh water is rising tremendously over time. The rate at which the fresh water supplies are being used up is by far much faster than the rate at which it can be replenished (Prud’homme and Alex 49). With the drought conditions worsening, the effects are already being felt in some of the parts of the country already. Being the second most populated state in the United States, Texas has a population of more than twenty-five million people. This figure is projected to rise to over sixty million individuals by the year 2060 with the majority living in urban areas. The projection also shows that the fresh water will decrease by a whopping 10% because the demand for the same is projected to rise by a staggering 20%. This although, measures must be put in place to secure the water situation or else the businesses in the state are estimated to lose an entire $116 billion per year by 2060 (Kramer, Kruvand and Charles 72).

Fresh water is a vital part in the economic growth of any nation, state, city or town around the world. With the worsening drought situation, in Texas, for example, the cost of water has been rising over time. This has in turn reduced the amount of fresh water at the exposal of the state. All the sectors starting from companies, ranches to homesteads have thus been forced to explore mechanisms of reducing the amount of usage. There has been a positive approach with positive results being observed from the plan to save the fresh water supplies. By 2011, data from the Texas Water Development Board shows that the manufacturing sector in the state had condensed its water usage by a whole 32% since the year 1974. This was seen to save around 165 billion gallons of the precious commodity (Fernandez and Manny). The textile industry in the state is also looking into ways of reducing the level of dependence on water to dye the process and finish its products. Texas has to a great extent embraced recycling as a way of conserving water. The conservation efforts have been observed to go along even in recycling water used in the production processes of the state.

The rising drought situation that has a severe impact on the fresh water in Texas shows the degree the need for conservation. However, conservation mechanisms have always been there only that there have been obstacles in the way. Better and improved conservation techniques are a basic requirement for the problem (Prud’homme and Alex 56). For instance, a 10% reduction in the municipal water consumption would lead to almost 487000 acre-feet savings of annual water usage. Another 10% reduction in the state’s livestock, steam-electric, manufacturing, mining and irrigation usage would lead to an annual 1.3 million acre-feet saving of water (Kramer, Kruvand and Charles 21).

In conclusion, the situation of fresh water has been thoroughly looked at in the globe, in the United States and the analysis narrowed down to Texas. A situation analysis of the situation has been looked at, and the need or general intervention has been found. A solution to this fresh water problem must be found to save the situation. Funding of water projects needs be intensified around the world (Kramer, Kruvand and Charles 34). The projects can however not provide a permanent solution and humans cannot afford complacency. Drought situations are observed to have an eventual end, but the challenge of providing sufficient fresh water to support the amount of growth observed will continue to pose a major challenge. For that reason, the focus must be maintained to continue pursuing multifaceted tactics (Fernandez and Manny). These strategies include increasing the innovative technologies and conservation efforts to ensure that Texas, the United States and the world at large remain sustainable to the human race.




Fernandez, Manny. (2011, November 30). As Water Levels Drop, Texas Drought Reveals             Secrets of the Deep.(National Desk). The New York Times, p. A16.

Kramer, K., & Kruvand, Charles. (2010). The living waters of Texas (1st ed., River books (Series)). College Station, [Tex.]: Texas A&M University Press.

Prud’homme, Alex. The Ripple Effect : The Fate of Freshwater in the Twenty-first Century.


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